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Year : 2019  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 3  |  Page : 292-297

Hallux valgus in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia: Prevalence, characteristics, and its associations

1 College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
2 College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences; Department of Orthopedic Surgery, King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Ali Alkhaibary
College of Medicine, King Saud bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, Ar Rimayah, Riyadh 14611, SA 11426
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmsr.jmsr_47_19

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Objectives: Hallux valgus (HV) is a common forefoot deformity encountered in orthopedic clinics. Little is known about the condition in Saudi Arabia due to the deficiency of studies investigating its characteristics in the general population. Epidemiological studies documenting HV prevalence are of paramount importance. This study aimed to estimate the prevalence of HV and identify its characteristics among the Saudi population residing in the capital city, Riyadh. Methods: An interview-based and self-reported cross-sectional study was conducted at four commercial centers and three universities in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. Data were collected between December 2017 and February 2018. For estimation of the prevalence of HV, the Manchester scale was used. Multivariate logistic regression was used to test the relationship between HV and possible risk factors. Bivariate analysis, using cross-tabulation, was used to identify the odds ratios (ORs) of HV and Chi-square to calculate statistical significance. Results: A total of 420 participants (140 males and 280 females) were included in the study. The overall prevalence of HV for all participants was 43% (n = 181). The prevalence of HV in males and females was 30.7% (n = 43) and 49.2% (n = 138), respectively. Severe degree of HV was noted in 0.95% of the participants. The incidence of HV was more prevalent in participants who reported a positive family history (OR = 2.144; P = 0.001), big toe pain (OR = 2.97; P = 0.001), and female gender (OR = 2.039; P = 0.003). Conclusion: In the Saudi Arabian population, HV is a prevalent foot deformity that is associated with big toe pain, positive family history, and female gender.

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