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Year : 2020  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 36-41

Fractures caused by car accidents admitted to a tertiary care hospital: A cross-sectional study

King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, King Abdullah International Medical Research Centre, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Abdulrahman S Alraddadi
Department of Basic Medical Sciences, College of Medicine, King Saud Bin Abdulaziz University for Health Sciences, PO Box: 3660, Riyadh 11481
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmsr.jmsr_90_19

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Objectives: Car accidents (CAs) are considered as one of the leading causes of mortality worldwide. They cause various ramifications on individuals and society, with fractures being a major one. Because of poor local epidemiological data, economic burden, and the enormity of the outcomes of CA, the aim of this study was to provide vital statistics about the most frequent sites of fractures due to CA. Methods: This is a retrospective cross-sectional study conducted in King Abdulaziz Medical City, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. It included individuals who were admitted to the hospital with fractures from CA. The study looked for bone fractures related to CA, the length of hospital stay, the age, and the gender of each individual. The data included all patients aged ≥15 years who were admitted to inpatient departments from January 2011 to December 2015. Results: A total of 1396 individuals were included, of which 86% were male. The median age of injured patients was 26 years. The median length of hospital stay was 10 days. The most common fracture found was in the acetabulum (10%). The most common region to be fractured was the skull (n = 376, 27%). Males were more predisposed to fractures in the acetabulum (11%) and the base of the skull (10%). Females were more prone to develop fractures in the pubis (10%) and the malar and maxillary bones (9%). Conclusions: The study showed that the young population has the highest number of fractures after CA, and these fractures are common in the acetabulum and skull.

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