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Year : 2017  |  Volume : 1  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 44-48

Assessment of the awareness among females in Saudi Arabia about the relationship of swaddling to developmental dysplasia of the hips

1 College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah, Saudi Arabia
2 Department of Orthopedic Surgery, College of Medicine, University of Jeddah, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia

Correspondence Address:
Hanan H Almahdi
College of Medicine, Taibah University, Almadinah Almunawwarah 42312-2785
Saudi Arabia
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jmsr.jmsr_22_17

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Objectives: With the wide use of swaddling, there is a concern that swaddling could potentially increase the risk of developmental dysplasia of the hips (DDH). A number of epidemiological studies from around the world have confirmed the association of improper swaddling with the lower limbs in adduction and extension with an increased risk of DDH, which is one of the common disorders in Saudi Arabia. This study aims to assess the prevalence of swaddling and the awareness of the females in Saudi Arabia about the correct method of swaddling and its relationship to DDH. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study, conducted using an online self-reported validated questionnaire. Results: The study involved 2631 adult females, 61% of them have children, out of which 91.3% used swaddling. Most of the ladies learnt how to swaddle from their family or friends while only 4% learnt from the health-care providers. More than 77% of the participants are not aware of the negative effects of swaddling on children's hips and around 63% did not know the correct swaddling method. 7% of them will use swaddling even if they know that it may harm their children. Conclusions: Awareness level among females in Saudi Arabia is suboptimal. Health-care providers should explain swaddling effects and demonstrate the technique for hip-friendly swaddling during ante- and post-natal care and in the media to reach all future mothers.

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